14. September 2015
In Tutorial 3: Prebuild & Postbuild Scripts we discussed running many useful tools like CocoaPods and fastlane with each Integration of our code. However, this became a bit more complicated with the introduction of the new rootless mode in OS X El Cap. Also, if you prefer to use version managers like
nvm for your Ruby and Node versions, this will help you keep using them instead of having to install your CLI tools globally.
TL;DR? Login as
_xcsbuildd, install your tools and then add
source ~/.bash_profileto your bot scripts.
The goal is to get a prebuild script like this working again (where
PROJECT_NAME is your project’s name), which breaks if you’re using
rvm or are using El Cap.
cd PROJECT_NAME fastlane prebuild
1. Installing rvm for _xcsbuildd
Many of us like to keep around multiple versions of Ruby and Node with version managers like rvm, nvm and other
*vm tools. These tend to install the tool in question into your home directory, e.g.
~/.rvm/... for Ruby.
However, as we found in the last tutorial, environment config files like
~/.zshrc don’t get loaded for the
_xcsbuildd user before Xcode Server performs a build.
The way to fix that is to install
rvm (or any other version manager) when you’re logged-in as
_xcsbuildd. So let’s do that, log in as
sudo su - _xcsbuildd
rvm and the latest stable version of Ruby with
\curl -sSL https://get.rvm.io | bash -s stable source ~/.profile rvm autolibs read-only rvm install ruby
(the second line will fixes a Homebrew permissions issue)
2. Force-load ~/.*profile in your scripts
_xcsbuildd (Xcode Server’s build user) now has the same Ruby version that you need to run
fastlane (in our example). However, this alone won’t work, because
_xcsbuildd doesn’t load its environment config files like
~/.bash_profile. We have to do that in our script manually, by adding
source ~/.bash_profile (if you’re using
bash, otherwise replace with your shell’s config file) to the prebuild script itself. The new prebuild script then looks like:
cd PROJECT_NAME source ~/.bash_profile fastlane prebuild
Help me help you
Don’t you absolutely hate this? I do. And I would greatly appreciate if you dupped my open radar requesting that
_xcsbuildd loads its config files properly. Let’s hope that this gets fixed ASAP!
I hope you found this useful or interesting. For criticism, praise and future articles, I’m @czechboy0 on Twitter.